To help protect research, experts agree on a definition of predatory publishing

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Credit: Illustration by David Parkins, courtesy of Nature

Leading scholars and publishers from The Ottawa Hospital’s Centre for Journalology, the University of Ottawa’s Telfer School of Management, and other institutions from around the world have agreed on a consensus definition of predatory publishing.

Led by Drs. Agnes Grudniewicz, David Moher, Kelly Cobey, and Manoj Lalu, their commentary was published in Nature.

Predatory journals are a global threat to quality science that was largely unknown a decade ago. There are now an estimated 8,000 predatory journals collectively publishing more than 400,000 research studies each year.

One of the challenges of solving this problem was that there was no agreed-upon definition of predatory publications– until now.

At a recent international meeting in Ottawa, the team of experts reached this consensus definition: “Predatory journals and publishers are entities that prioritize self-interest at the expense of scholarship and are characterized by false or misleading information, deviation from best editorial and publication practices, a lack of transparency, and/or the use of aggressive and indiscriminate solicitation practices.”

This definition will let researchers track predatory publishing, and develop educational resources and interventions to help fight this growing problem.

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Local collaborators: Gregory L. Bryson, Samantha Cukier, Ian Graham, Marc Rodgers

Patient partners: Marvelous Muchenje, Laurie Proulx

Other authors: Kristiann Allen, Clare Ardern, Lesley Balcom, Tiago Barros, Monica Berger, Jairo Buitrago Ciro, Lucia Cugusi, Michael R. Donaldson, Matthias Egger, Matt Hodgkinson, Karim M. Khan, Mahlubi Mabizela, Andrea Manca, Katrin Milzow, Johann Mouton, Tom Olijhoek, Alexander Ommaya, Bhushan Patwardhan, Deborah Poff, Anna Severin, Michaela Strinzel, Mauro Sylos-Labini, Robyn Tamblyn, Marthie van Niekerk, Jelte M. Wicherts, Manoj M. Lalu

Source: Nature

Funding: The Summit received funding from the President’s fund, Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR); Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, CIHR; Institute of Musculoskeletal Health and Arthritis, CIHR; National Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Swiss National Science Foundation, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Office of Vice President of Research, University of Ottawa. Research at The Ottawa Hospital is possible because of generous donations to the hospital.

Core Resources: Ottawa Methods Centre, Centre for Journalology

The Ottawa Hospital: Inspired by research. Driven by compassion

The Ottawa Hospital is one of Canada’s largest learning and research hospitals with over 1,100 beds, approximately 12,000 staff and an annual budget of over $1.2 billion. Our focus on research and learning helps us develop new and innovative ways to treat patients and improve care. As a multi-campus hospital, affiliated with the University of Ottawa, we deliver specialized care to the Eastern Ontario region, but our techniques and research discoveries are adopted around the world. We engage the community at all levels to support our vision for better patient care. See http://www.ohri.ca for more information about research at The Ottawa Hospital.

University of Ottawa: –A crossroads of cultures and ideas

The University of Ottawa is home to over 50,000 students, faculty and staff, who live, work and study in both French and English. Our campus is a crossroads of cultures and ideas, where bold minds come together to inspire game-changing ideas. We are one of Canada’s top 10 research universities–our professors and researchers explore new approaches to today’s challenges. One of a handful of Canadian universities ranked among the top 200 in the world, we attract exceptional thinkers and welcome diverse perspectives from across the globe. http://www.uottawa.ca

Media Contact

Amelia Buchanan

Senior Communication Specialist

Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Office: 613-798-5555 x 73687

Cell: 613-297-8315

[email protected]

Media Contact
Amelia Buchanan
[email protected]

Related Journal Article

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/d41586-019-03759-y

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