Penn bioinformatics researcher receives grant from Chan Zuckerberg Initiative
PHILADELPHIA– Casey Greene, PhD, an assistant professor of Systems Pharmacology and Translational Therapeutics in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, has been awarded funding from the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, an advised fund of Silicon Valley Community Foundation. The Initiative was created by Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg and his wife, Priscilla Chan, MD, a pediatrician.
This award will support Greene's work on the Human Cell Atlas, a global effort to map every type of cell in the human body as a resource for investigating health and disease. The Initiative's broad focus includes an emphasis on science through basic biomedical research and education through personalized learning.
Greene's research interests include bioinformatics, computational biology, data integration, machine learning, and systems genomics. The new funding is focused on developing open, shared computational tools and algorithms. As one of 85 one-year awards to researchers worldwide, he will deploy a powerful, "unsupervised" machine-learning algorithm called a variational auto-encoder, which learns to identify and summarize patterns in large data sets without being instructed what features to look for. Previously, researchers applied a similar method to randomly selected YouTube images and the tool learned to recognize major recurring features of those images, including cats.
Modeled on how the human brain and nervous system operate, Greene's aim is to simulate, predict, and catalogue what happens to each cell type contained in the Human Cell Atlas under various scenarios: for example, how a given cell behaves in the context of a specific disease, after a person with that disease is treated with a drug, or how the cell changes during aging. The resulting information will be invaluable in better explaining how biological systems function at the cellular and organism levels, enabling researchers to eventually predict how the expression of every known gene might change under various conditions. This endeavor is vital for providing new treatments for patients and conducting life-saving research.
Previously, Greene and colleagues applied a denoising auto-encoder to genomic data for the first time to analyze how large data sets of genes in bacteria, in this case a notorious pathogen, are expressed under various conditions. He also published the first demonstration of denoising autoencoders in a biological context: an analysis of breast cancer biopsies.
In the spirit of open, collaborative development, researchers funded under the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative will work together and share findings and results to evaluate the strengths of different approaches.
Penn Medicine is one of the world's leading academic medical centers, dedicated to the related missions of medical education, biomedical research, and excellence in patient care. Penn Medicine consists of the Raymond and Ruth Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania (founded in 1765 as the nation's first medical school) and the University of Pennsylvania Health System, which together form a $7.8 billion enterprise.
The Perelman School of Medicine has been ranked among the top medical schools in the United States for more than 20 years, according to U.S. News & World Report's survey of research-oriented medical schools. The School is consistently among the nation's top recipients of funding from the National Institutes of Health, with $405 million awarded in the 2017 fiscal year.
The University of Pennsylvania Health System's patient care facilities include: The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and Penn Presbyterian Medical Center — which are recognized as one of the nation's top "Honor Roll" hospitals by U.S. News & World Report — Chester County Hospital; Lancaster General Health; Penn Medicine Princeton Health; Penn Wissahickon Hospice; and Pennsylvania Hospital – the nation's first hospital, founded in 1751. Additional affiliated inpatient care facilities and services throughout the Philadelphia region include Good Shepherd Penn Partners, a partnership between Good Shepherd Rehabilitation Network and Penn Medicine, and Princeton House Behavioral Health, a leading provider of highly skilled and compassionate behavioral healthcare.
Penn Medicine is committed to improving lives and health through a variety of community-based programs and activities. In fiscal year 2017, Penn Medicine provided $500 million to benefit our community.