New research uses nanotechnology to prevent preterm birth
ATLANTA, FEB. 4, 2016 ¬¬- Using nanoparticles to engineer a special drug, a team of researchers has demonstrated in mice a new way to both reduce preterm birth and avoid the risks of medication in pregnancy to unborn babies.
Jerrie S. Refuerzo, M.D., of the University of Texas Medical School at Houston (UTHealth) was frustrated with the limitations of existing tocolytic (anti-contraction or labor-repressant) medications such as indomethacin in treating women experiencing preterm labor. These drugs can cross the placental barrier and cause a heart defect or other problems in the fetus. Dr. Refuerzo and Monica Longo, M.D., Ph.D. (UT Health), in collaboration with colleagues from Houston Methodist Research Institute, Biana Godin, PharmD, Ph.D., bioengineered an innovative microscopic nanoparticle of indomethacin aimed at reaching the pregnant uterus but not crossing the placenta to the fetus. This targeted liposomal indomethacin, called LIPINDORA, was coated with an oxytocin receptor antagonist to make it bind to uterine tissue.
LIPINDORA was given to near-term pregnant mice and the researchers found that the treated mice were significantly less likely than controls to have preterm uterine contractions or to deliver prematurely.
"These findings are exciting because we don't currently have any medication that can reliably stop contractions or prevent preterm birth without also crossing the mom's placenta and causing risks to babies," explained Edward R. B. McCabe, M.D., Ph.D,, senior vice president and chief medical officer of the March of Dimes.
Preterm birth (birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy) is the number one killer of babies in the United States.
About 380,000 babies are born too soon each year in this country, and those who survive an early birth often face an increased risk of a lifetime of health challenges, such as breathing problems, cerebral palsy, intellectual disabilities and others. Even babies born just a few weeks early have higher rates of hospitalization and illness than full-term infants.
Dr. McCabe said nanoparticles are a leading-edge technology also being studied for delivery of drugs for other conditions, such as cancer, heart disease, and bacterial infections, in order to target specific cells to reduce toxicity and side effects of those medications and to make them more effective. Nanoparticles range 100-200 nanometers in diameter and a nanometer is one billionth of a meter. To demonstrate scale: a nanometer is to a tennis ball as a tennis ball is to the earth.
Dr. Refuerzo and her team, F. Leonard, A. E. Ontiveros, N. Buleyeva, Biana Godin, and Monica Longo, are being honored by the March of Dimes at the annual Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine. Joe Leigh Simpson, M.D., senior vice president for Research and Global Programs, will present Dr. Refuerzo with the March of Dimes award for Best Abstract in Prematurity at the SMFM's Annual Meeting. 2016 marks the 13th year that the March of Dimes award has been presented.
Dr. Refuerzo said the team currently is conducting tests of LIPINDORA's effectiveness in human uterine tissue donated from C-sections. They're looking for biomarkers to indicate that the tissue has an anti-contraction response to the drug. If successful, they hope to begin a Phase I human clinical trial of the drug within the next few years.
The Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (est. 1977) is the premiere membership organization for obstetricians/gynecologists who have additional formal education and training in maternal-fetal medicine. The society is devoted to reducing high-risk pregnancy complications by sharing expertise through continuing education to its 2,000 members on the latest pregnancy assessment and treatment methods. It also serves as an advocate for improving public policy, and expanding research funding and opportunities for maternal-fetal medicine. The group hosts an annual meeting in which groundbreaking new ideas and research in the area of maternal-fetal medicine are shared and discussed. For more information visit http://www.smfm.org.
The March of Dimes is the leading nonprofit organization for pregnancy and baby health. For more than 75 years, moms and babies have benefited from March of Dimes research, education, vaccines, and breakthroughs. Find out how you can help prevent premature birth and birth defects by joining March for Babies at marchforbabies.org. For the latest resources and information, visit marchofdimes.org or nacersano.org. Find us on Facebook and Twitter.