A global study, led by UCL and UCLH and sponsored by Roche, has shown that the cancer immunotherapy atezolizumab1 significantly improved the overall survival of advanced stage non-small cell lung cancer patients who were not able to be treated with platinum-containing chemotherapy, when compared to single-agent chemotherapy.
The trial results, published today in The Lancet, are good news for non-small cell lung cancer patients who are not eligible for standard of care platinum-based chemotherapy, due to concerns about their ability to withstand the treatment.
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide, with around 2.2 million new cases and 1.8 million deaths a year. The majority of patients present with advanced stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) 2.
For the fittest patients with advanced stage NSCLC, first-line immunotherapy with or without platinum-based doublet chemotherapy (PDC) is now established as the standard of care treatment. This follows several randomised trials that were limited to ‘fit’ participants with a median age of 65 or younger and were able to tolerate PDC.
However, more than 40% of advanced stage NSCLC patients are in poor health and are often elderly with significant medical co-morbidities. Treatment with standard PDC is not suitable for many of these patients because of poor tolerance or toxicity concerns, leaving them with limited treatment options. They are frequently treated with less effective single-agent chemotherapy or offered best supportive care.
Currently, most treatment guidelines do not recommend immunotherapy treatment due to lack of randomised results to indicate that it is safe, well tolerated and increases overall survival3 for this poor prognosis population.
Sponsored by Roche, this is the first reported randomised phase III trial of first-line immunotherapy treatment with atezolizumab (also known as Tecentriq) in an advanced NSCLC population deemed unfit for standard platinum-chemotherapy4. The trial sought to establish the efficacy, safety and overall survival rate of first-line immunotherapy treatment with atezolizumab compared with single-agent chemotherapy in advanced stage NSCLC patients. Patients were randomised 2:1, with 302 patients receiving atezolizumab and 151 receiving single-agent chemotherapy.
The study showed that atezolizumab significantly improved overall survival and resulted in a clinically meaningful long-term survival benefit, with twice as many patients (24%) who were treated with atezolizumab remaining alive at two years compared to those treated with chemotherapy (12%), despite over 50% of chemotherapy patients who were still alive at two years receiving subsequent immunotherapy.
Professor Siow Ming Lee (UCL Cancer Institute and UCL Hospitals), who chaired the study Steering Committee and conceptualised the study design, said: “For over two decades, clinical trials have failed to provide significant therapeutic benefits to older NSCLC patients with poor health who are unfit for standard platinum doublet chemotherapy. IPSOS is the first randomised trial to show that immunotherapy treatment with first-line atezolizumab treatment significantly improves overall survival compared to single-agent chemotherapy for these poor prognosis patients, with twice as many remaining alive at two years. The treatment also resulted in stabilised or improved health-related quality of life measures, and no new safety concerns were identified.”
This trial was supported by Roche.
Dr Matt Midgley
UCL Media Relations
+44 (0)20 7679 9064
Notes to Editors:
1 Atezolizumab (also known as Tecentriq) is a type of immunotherapy known as a check-point inhibitor, which helps make cancer cells more vulnerable to attack by harnessing the body’s own immune system. It does this by blocking the activity of a molecule called PD-L1, thereby allowing T-cells (white blood cells that help your body fight disease) to attack and destroy cancer cells.
2 Advanced cancers are those at stage IIIB or IV. In the ECOG Performance Status Scale the fittest patients are rated 0-1, whereas less physically well patients are those rated 2 or higher. WHO lung cancer data from 2020 is available here.
3 Overall survival (OS) is defined as the length of time that patients are still alive from the start of treatment for a disease. In a clinical trial, measuring OS has been the gold standard measurement to see how well a new treatment works.
4 The IPSOS trial involved 453 patients with advanced stage NSCLC (Stage IIIB/IV) who were ineligible for platinum-based doublet chemotherapy, recruited at 91 hospitals in 23 countries across Asia, Europe, North America, and South America. The median age was 75 years old (age range, 33-94), with 31% aged at 80 years or older, 72% were male and 83% had ECOG PS ≥2.
Siow Ming Lee et al.’ ‘First-line atezolizumab monotherapy versus single-agent chemotherapy in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer ineligible for treatment with a platinum-containing regimen (IPSOS): a phase 3, global, multicentre, open-label, randomised, controlled study’ will be published in The Lancet as is under strict embargo until 6 July 2023 23:30 BST / 18:30 ET.
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Method of Research
Randomized controlled/clinical trial
Subject of Research
First-line atezolizumab monotherapy versus single-agent chemotherapy in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer ineligible for treatment with a platinum-containing regimen (IPSOS): a phase 3, global, multicentre, open-label, randomised, controlled study
Article Publication Date