Group therapy is an effective way to promote cardiovascular health
Peer group support, in the form of group therapy, was found to help improve healthy behavior in people with cardiovascular risk factors, according to a study released today by Valentin Fuster, MD, PhD, Director of Mount Sinai Heart and Physician-in-Chief of The Mount Sinai Hospital. Mount Sinai Heart is ranked No. 7 in the nation by U.S. News & World Report in its 2015 "Best Hospitals" issue.
The embargoed abstract was presented today at the AHA Scientific Sessions 2015 in Orlando, Florida, and will be published simultaneously by the Journal of American College of Cardiology (JACC), the world's leading peer-reviewed journal on cardiovascular disease.
"Peer group support is a proven strategy for addressing substance abuse, eating disorders and chronic illness. We now have proof that peer group support also helps improve healthy behaviors in people who are at a higher risk for cardiovascular issues and has a significantly positive impact on smoking cessation," Dr. Fuster said.
Researchers from the National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC) in Madrid, Spain, the Barcelona-based Foundation for Science, Health and Education (SHE Foundation), and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai followed 543 adults, aged 25-50, with at least one of the following cardiovascular disease risk factors: hypertension, overweight, smoking, and physical inactivity.
Over a three-month period, all participants took part in training and motivational group sessions aimed at promoting healthy lifestyle habits. These meetings focused on motivations for change, stress management, stopping smoking, a healthy diet, taking regular exercise, and self-control of blood pressure. From this shared starting point, the participants were then divided into two groups: 277 in the peer intervention group and 266 in the control group. Over the next 12 months, the intervention group met for monthly group-therapy sessions aimed at promoting changes in attitudes and behavior, encouraging participants to go beyond simple awareness and make real progress in the control of cardiovascular risk factors. The control group received individual medical check-ups during the same period.
After the training sessions at the start of the program, most participants (71 percent) showed an improvement in the Fuster-BEWAT index, irrespective of group assignment. The FUSTER-BEWAT score is a newly developed composite score related to blood pressure, exercise, weight, body mass index, fruit and vegetable consumption and smoking.
However, at subsequent stages, significant differences appeared between the intervention and control groups. In the intervention group, 67 percent of participants showed an improvement in cardiovascular risk factors, compared with 56 percent in the control group. The results were even more positive for tobacco consumption, with almost twice as many intervention-group participants stopping smoking (39 percent versus 20 percent). Similarly, 46 percent of the intervention group members increased their level of physical activity.
According to the research team, the data confirm that although training in healthy habits is important and has a positive impact on health, these benefits tail off if not reinforced over time. A combination of education training and a peer-based intervention may be an effective strategy for enhancing the overall cardiovascular health in an adult at-risk population.
"We are currently evaluating peer-group intervention programs in different national and international socio-economic communities to see if the results are consistent," said Dr. Fuster.
Abstract 20189 was presented at the AHA Scientific Sessions 2015 as Peer-group Intervention Improves Cardiovascular Risk Factors: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
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The Mount Sinai Health System is an integrated health system committed to providing distinguished care, conducting transformative research, and advancing biomedical education. Structured around seven hospital campuses and a single medical school, the Health System has an extensive ambulatory network and a range of inpatient and outpatient services–from community-based facilities to tertiary and quaternary care.
The System includes approximately 6,100 primary and specialty care physicians; 12 joint-venture ambulatory surgery centers; more than 140 ambulatory practices throughout the five boroughs of New York City, Westchester, Long Island, and Florida; and 31 affiliated community health centers. Physicians are affiliated with the renowned Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, which is ranked among the highest in the nation in National Institutes of Health funding per investigator. The Mount Sinai Hospital is ranked as one of the nation's top 10 hospitals in Geriatrics, Cardiology/Heart Surgery and Gastroenterology, and is in the top 25 in five other specialties in the 2014-2015 "Best Hospitals" issue of U.S. News & World Report. Mount Sinai's Kravis Children's Hospital also is ranked in seven out of ten pediatric specialties by U.S. News & World Report. The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai is ranked 11th nationally for Ophthalmolgy, while Mount Sinai Beth Israel is ranked regionally.
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