A recent review and analysis of published studies since 2005 found low-to-moderate evidence that dietary and exercise interventions can improve physical function and quality of life in older adults with obesity.
The analysis included six unique studies plus 13 that were based on the same study population, with a total of 405 adults with obesity all aged ≥60 years but whose average study group age was ≥65years.
The review’s authors noted that well-designed, randomized controlled trials are needed to provide definitive guidance on how to address obesity in older individuals.
“Obesity in older adults is a significant public health concern that will increasingly become a burden to society if we do not address it promptly,” said Dr. John Batsis, author of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society study. “We need solid evidence on how to effectively engage this group of patients to not only improve their weight but, importantly, improve their physical function.”
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John A. Batsis, Lydia E. Gill, Rebecca K. Masutani, Anna M. Adachi-Mejia, Heather B. Blunt, Pamela J. Bagley, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Stephen J. Bartels. Weight Loss Interventions in Older Adults with Obesity: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials Since 2005. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2016; DOI: 10.1111/jgs.14514